The joy of traveling is that it can be enjoyed virtually anywhere in the world. Indeed one of the best recommended countries for all breathtaking scenery, rugged but majestic mountains, exotic flora, fauna ( mainly endemic mammals, birds, plants) and pristine cultural diversity maintained by perpetual history is undoubtedly Ethiopia.
Located in the northeastern Horn of Africa, equidistant to the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, Ethiopia is the oldest nation in Africa. Its bedrock belongs to the earth's first continent, a continent known by geologists as Gondwanaland. Africa forms the largest intact remnant of this.
Lucy, the oldest hominid, whose remains were found in Ethiopia's part of the Great Rift Valley in the place called HADAR, lived among her companions in this valley.
Being huge, Ethiopia represents an amusing natural, cultural and historical diversity.
Its favorable climatic conditions and landscape make Ethiopia the home of bird life and mammals.
After the rains, it is decked with flowers and with more native plants than most countries in Africa.
The country is endowed with peerless geological formations, varying from 116 meters below sea level that is the radiant sulfuric inferno.
The Denakill Depression to the alpine peaks that rise to 4620 meters in the rugged Semien Mountains only the phenomenal Great Rift Valley cuts Ethiopia in two, forming a series of marvelous lakes, thriving with opulent in all life forms.
There are a lots of tourist attractions that brings travelers to Ethiopia. Tourists that are interested in culture, people,history, recreation, nature, safari , birding , trekking, photography and paragliding Ethiopia has it all in one.
Ethiopia is generally considered Africa's oldest continuously identifiable nation. The beautiful country covers well over a million square kilometers; Ethiopia is about twice as large as Kenya or Texas, or about five times as large as the United Kingdom.
Queen Makeda of Sabea (Sheba) would have been a member of this dynasty; she ruled a vast area that included Yemen, and in her reign Ethiopians traded with peoples as far as Palestine and India. Makeda ventured to Jerusalem to visit King Solomon, by whom she bore a son, Menelik (from Ibn-al-Malik, Son of the King).
Ethiopia Biblical History
The Old Testament makes no fewer than thirty references to Ethiopia ("Cush" to the Hebrews). Moses wed an "Ethiopian" woman (Numbers 12:1). According to tradition, the Ethiopian nation was founded by Etiopik, great grandson of Noah, and Axum (Aksum) was founded by Etiopik's son, Aksumai.
Thus was established the Solomonic dynasty, which tradition identifies with various lines amalgamated into the dynasty that ruled until 1974. It is believed that Menelik visited his father in Jerusalem for three years as a young adult, learning the Mosaic law, and returned to Ethiopia with the Ark of the Covenant.
The history of Ethiopia begins with Lucy. Lucy was a female hominoid who lived in what is now called the Awash Valley in Hadar some 3.2 million years ago. The skeleton was discovered in 1974.
Lucy’s scientific name is Australopithecus afarensis. The first word means “Southern Ape” and the second word signifies she was discovered in the Afar region. Ethiopians refer to her as “Dinqnesh” which means Wonderful. She is also classified in Hadar as AL 288-1. When she was discovered only a little over half of her skeletons were found.
She probably did not live more than 20 years and weighed around 60 pounds and stood three and a half feet.
Lucy is kept fully preserved at the national Museum in Addis Ababa; an exact plaster replica is also displayed.
But why was she called Lucy? Donald Johansson, the anthropologist from Chicago University who discovered her, tells us why: "Surely such a noble little fossil lady deserved a name.
"As we [his expedition crew] sat around one evening listening to Beatles' songs, someone said, ‘Why don't we call her Lucy? You know, after “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds. “’ So she became Lucy.”